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Full Professor of Physics at the Campus Bio-Medico University of Rome.
Graduated in Physics in Pisa in 1972 he obtained his Postgraduate Diploma (PhD) at the Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa in 1976. Since 1987 he is Full Professor of Structure of Matter, Atomic and Optical Physics at the University of Naples (until 1990) and the University of Florence (from 1990 to 2019). Director of the European Laboratory of Nonlinear Spectroscopy (LENS), Director of the Department for the National Research Council (CNR), President of the National Institute of Metrological Research (INRIM), President of the CNR, President of the Consultation of the Presidents of the Public Research Bodies.
He spent periods of study at the NBS / NIST (USA) and the Institut d'Optique (France). He has received numerous international prizes and awards, including: "Enrico Fermi" prize (Italian Physical Society), Grand Prix Scientifique (Institut de France), "Herbert Walther" prize (DPG & Optical Society of America), Alexander von Humboldt senior award (Berlin).
His scientific activity is in the field of experimental physical research, in particular in the fields of: atomic and molecular physics; classical and quantum optics; radiation-matter interaction; spectroscopy; metrology; laser cooling; quantum simulation with ultra-cold atomic gases; development of spectroscopic and metrological instrumentation for physics and chemistry; interdisciplinary studies. He is the author of more than 300 publications in internationally distributed books and magazines and author / editor of more than 10 books. He has coordinated numerous research projects funded at European and national level, is the winner of an Advanced Grant from the European Research Council (ERC).
Fellow of the Optical Society of America and the American Physical Society, he is a member of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, a member of the Academy of Sciences of Turin, of the Istituto Lombardo (Academy of Sciences and Letters) of Milan, of the Europaea Academy , Grand Officer of Merit of the Italian Republic and Knight of the Legion of Honor of the French Republic.